- 1 Where did Basho get his name from?
- 2 What is Matsuo Basho famous for?
- 3 When did Basho die?
- 4 Who was a great influence on Basho?
- 5 What is Basho’s major contribution to Japanese literature?
- 6 How did Basho describe the season of autumn?
- 7 What is Basho haiku?
- 8 What is the golden age of Japanese literature?
- 9 How many syllables are in haiku?
- 10 Who made the first haiku?
- 11 Who is the master of haiku?
- 12 Did Samurai write haikus?
- 13 Where did Tanka originate?
- 14 Why is poetry important in Japanese culture?
- 15 Why is haiku important in Japan?
Where did Basho get his name from?
Basho took this name because he admired a Chinese poet, Li Po whose name means plum in white. He quit samurai life 1666, and in 1675 he moved to Edo, today called Tokyo.
What is Matsuo Basho famous for?
Matsuo Basho (1644-1694), is Japan’s most famous poet, certainly its most famous haiku poet. He was historically important in developing the form during the Genroku Period, the high point of the Japanese Renaissance, which has so much in common with the Elizabethan Period in England, which came just 100 years earlier.
When did Basho die?
He was the author of numerous other anthologies and volumes of poetry, including Monkey’s Raincoat (1691) and The Seashell Game (1672). Basho died in Osaka on November 28, 1694.
Who was a great influence on Basho?
He was invited to study with Soen, a famous contemporary poet. It was Soen’s influence that taught Basho the value of the humble and unpretentious use of images from everyday life that would become the hallmark of his poetry. In 1676, Basho began to compose poetry for publication.
What is Basho’s major contribution to Japanese literature?
Bashō, in full Matsuo Bashō, pseudonym of Matsuo Munefusa, (born 1644, Ueno, Iga province, Japan—died Nov. 28, 1694, Ōsaka), the supreme Japanese haiku poet, who greatly enriched the 17-syllable haiku form and made it an accepted medium of artistic expression.
How did Basho describe the season of autumn?
In this haiku, Basho makes use of a descriptive literary device, a metaphor. He describes “autumn evening” as a crow perched upon a branch empty of leaves. Therefore, the two haikus “Autumn” and “Winter” convey the seasons‘ essence in just three lines each.
What is Basho haiku?
Matsuo Basho (1644-1694) made about 1000 haiku poems through the lifetime, traveling around Japan. His writing “The Narrow Road to the Deep North ” is the most famous haiku collection in Japan.
What is the golden age of Japanese literature?
Heian literature (794–1185)
The Heian period has been referred to as the golden era of art and literature in Japan. The Tale of Genji (Genji Monogatari), written in the early 11th century by a woman named Murasaki Shikibu, is considered the pre-eminent novel of Heian fiction.
How many syllables are in haiku?
A Japanese poem consisting of 3 lines and 17 syllables that follows the 5-7-5 format. The first line must have 5 syllables; the second 7; the third line 5. A haiku is usually written about nature and must express a mood, thought, or feeling.
Who made the first haiku?
Haiku began in thirteenth-century Japan as the opening phrase of renga, an oral poem, generally a hundred stanzas long, which was also composed syllabically. The much shorter haiku broke away from renga in the sixteenth century and was mastered a century later by Matsuo Basho, who wrote this classic haiku: An old pond!
Who is the master of haiku?
Traditional Haiku. There were four master haiku poets from Japan, known as “the Great Four:” Matsuo Basho, Kobayashi Issa, Masaoka Shiki, and Yosa Buson. Their work is still the model for traditional haiku writing today.
Did Samurai write haikus?
Haiku was written extensively by the Japanese Samurai Warriors and it served as a release to men who were expected to maintain a stern order over others. The Samurai by social position alone; carried with him the power of life or death over his subordinates.
Where did Tanka originate?
History of the Tanka Form
One of the oldest Japanese forms, tanka originated in the seventh century, and quickly became the preferred verse form not only in the Japanese Imperial Court, where nobles competed in tanka contests, but for women and men engaged in courtship.
Why is poetry important in Japanese culture?
”The Japanese people are drawn to poetry perhaps more than other people because their life and art are very close. It’s like the tea ceremony, or the appreciation of incense, or the artistic way that food is arranged on a plate. Japanese people believe that life should be a work of art. ”
Why is haiku important in Japan?
“Haiku” is the shortest form of poetry in the world. It was originally a part of traditional Japanese culture; yet, today, it is widely enjoyed in other cultures and languages. Being simple is an important value represented in Japanese culture and in the beauty of life.