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Ancient greek poet homer?

Who was Homer and what was he known for?

Homer is the presumed author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two hugely influential epic poems of ancient Greece. If Homer did in fact compose the works, he is one of the greatest literary artists in the world, and, through these poems, he affected Western standards and ideas.

Is Homer a Greek poet?

The Greek poet Homer was born sometime between the 12th and 8th centuries BC, possibly somewhere on the coast of Asia Minor. He is famous for the epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey, which have had an enormous effect on Western culture, but very little is known about their alleged author.

Why is Homer called the blind poet?

Because Homer performed and sang he is called a bard. He is thought to have been blind, and so is known as the blind bard, just as Shakespeare, calling on the same tradition, is known as the bard of Avon.

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Who was the first major poet after Homer?

Hesiod: Hesiod was the first major poet after Homer. Around 700 BC he wrote Works and Days, which is a type of farmer’s almanac, which tells the reader when to plow fields and plant crops. He also wrote Theogony, which tells the stories of many different Greek Gods.

What is the most important contribution of Homer to Greek culture?

Homer’s most important contribution to Greek culture was to provide a common set of values that enshrined the Greeks‘ own ideas about themselves. His poems provided a fixed model of heroism, nobility and the good life to which all Greeks, especially aristocrats, subscribed.

Which Greek scholar is known as the father of history?

Herodotus is undoubtedly the “Father of History.” Born in Halicarnassus in Ionia in the 5th century B.C., he wrote “The Histories.” In this text are found his “inquiries” which later became to modern scholars to mean “facts of history.” He is best known for recounting, very objectively, the Greco-Persian wars of the

Who founded Greek mythology?

Writers such as the 2nd-century BC Greek mythographer Apollodorus of Athens and the 1st-century BC Roman historian Gaius Julius Hyginus compiled the ancient myths and legends for contemporary audiences. READ MORE: What Was the Trojan War?

What caused the Greek war with Troy?

Trojan War, in Greek mythology, war between the Greeks and the people of Troy. The strife began after the Trojan prince Paris abducted Helen, wife of Menelaus of Sparta. When Menelaus demanded her return, the Trojans refused. Menelaus then persuaded his brother Agamemnon to lead an army against Troy.

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Is the Odyssey real?

The obvious conclusion is that The Odyssey is an amalgam of real and fictional characters. Gustav Schwab, Odysseus returns to fight the suitors (1892). As is often the case in fiction, it seems that Homer was not just telling stories but reflecting events and characters that existed in ancient Greece.

What is Homer’s full name?

Homer (/ˈhoʊmər/; Ancient Greek: Ὅμηρος Greek pronunciation: [hómɛːros], Hómēros; c. 800– c. 701 BC) was the presumed author of the Iliad and the Odyssey, two epic poems that are the foundational works of ancient Greek literature.

What started Greek mythology?

It is difficult to know when Greek mythology started, as it is believed to have stemmed from centuries of oral tradition. It is likely that Greek myths evolved from stories told in the Minoan civilization of Crete, which flourished from about 3000 to 1100 BCE.

What’s the definition of polis?

(Entry 1 of 2): a Greek city-state broadly: a state or society especially when characterized by a sense of community.

Was the Trojan War real?

As the historical sources – Herodotus and Eratosthenes – show, it was generally assumed to have been a real event. According to Homer’s Iliad, the conflict between the Greeks – led by Agamemnon, King of Mycenae – and the Trojans – whose king was Priam – took place in the Late Bronze Age, and lasted 10 years.

Why is Homer thought to have created Greek history?

Why is homer thought to have created, rather than recorded Greek history? Because during the dark age, there were no written records except for Homer’s writings. So, the greeks looked at it like it was true history.

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