### Video Transcript

Find, to the nearest tenth, the curved
surface area of a hemisphere, given that the area of the great circle is 441π square
millimeters.

Letβs begin by sketching this hemisphere
out. Remember that the great circle of a
sphere is the circle which divides the sphere up into two hemispheres. So it is the flat circular base of our
hemisphere. Itβs this face here. Weβre told that the area of this great
circle is 441π square millimeters. And we also know that the general formula
for calculating the area of a circle is ππ squared. So we can use these two pieces of
information to form an equation. ππ squared equals 441π. We can solve this equation to find the
radius of our hemisphere. First, we can divide through by π to
give π squared equals 441. We then take the square root of each side
of the equation. And as 441 is a square number, its square
root is 21. So we have that the radius of this
hemisphere is 21.

We then recall that the curved surface
area of a hemisphere is half the surface area of a full sphere. Itβs two ππ squared. So we can substitute our value for the
radius into this formula. That gives two π multiplied by 21
squared. We know from our earlier working that π
squared or 21 squared is 441. So we have two π multiplied by 441 which
is 882π. The question asks us to give this value
to the nearest tenth. So we can evaluate 882π on a calculator,
and it gives 2770.884. The deciding digit in this case is the
eight in the hundredths column. So weβre rounding up, which gives 2770.9,
and the units for this will be square millimeters.

Now you mayβve spotted that, actually, we
didnβt need to calculate the radius of this hemisphere at all. If the area of the great circle is ππ
squared and the curved surface area of the hemisphere is two ππ squared, then we could
have simply doubled the area we were given for the great circle. That would give two multiplied by 441π,
which is 882π. And so weβd have arrived at the same
stage of calculation as we had here in our previous method. Both of these methods would be equally
fine and give the same answer of 2770.9 square millimeters.